by Ahmed Khan, Founder, The Rahnuma Daily
(RAHNUMA) The Quraysh descend from Adnan, the King of Arabia, who was a direct descendant, in the 40th generation of Ishmael son of Abraham.
Abd al-Manaf was the direct lineal descendent of Adnan, King of Arabia, in the 16th generation and his son was Hashem, the progenitor of the Royal House of Hashem.
Among the Ishmaelite Qureshites of Arabia, the Hashemite clan was the wealthiest and most cultured in Arabia, and its most revered.
At their peak in influence, prior to the advent of Islam, the Hashmites had obtained privileges from the Ghassanid King of Syria, and went in person to procure an edict from the Byzantine Roman Caesar which exempted the Lords of Quraysh (Sadaat Quraysh) from duties or taxes when operating within the borders of the Roman Empire.
After meeting Hashem, it is said by historians the Caesar subsequently wrote to the King of Ethiopia (King Negus of Abyssinia) to also exempt the Lords of Quraysh from duties and taxes in Abyssinia as well. This elevated the Hashemites to the global leadership of the Quraysh tribe.
Hashem married Salma, the daughter of a noble named Amr of the Banu an-Najjar, while in Yathrib.
According to a narration attributed to the sixth Shiite Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq, the Banu Najjar were a clan of the Banu Khazraj tribe, who were direct biological descendants of King David.
Salma became pregnant immediately after marriage to Hashem, and Hashem left her in Yathrib (Medinah) to travel to Palestine, the land where his forefather Ishmael was born to Hagar.
Hashem is said by historians to have passed during this trip to Palestine in 497, before the birth of his son, who was named Shaybat al-Hamd (the White Streak of Praise), or simply Shaybah.
His (Hashem) tomb is located to this day beneath the dome of Sayed al-Hashim Mosque in the al-Daraj neighborhood of Gaza, Palestine, is one of the oldest mosques in Gaza, and is named in his honor.
Hashem’s descendants were known as the Hashemites (Bani Hashem). Shaybah the son of Hashem, adopted the title ‘Abd al-Muttalib, and is credited with the rediscovery of the well of Ishmael – Zam Zam. It is said by historians Shaybah also found the vast buried treasures of Hagar and Ishmael, which included large sums of jewellery, two golden deer, their swords, and the Black Stone (Hajr al-Aswad) [Ibn Hisham 1/114,115 quoted in Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum: The Sealed Nectar. Al-Mubarakpuri].
With the discovery of Ishmael’s vast treasure, Shaybah subsequently rose to power in Mecca, and became Chief of the Lords of Quraysh.
He attempted to use his new found riches to revive the Ishmaelite Nabatean Empire from Mecca, but faced stern resistance to his leadership from opponents who were sons of Abd al-Shams. Abd al-Shams sons disagreed with Shaybah’s non-dualism, and as theists of Mecca, introduced idolatry to its inhabitants.
Shaybah’s grandson is none other than the Sovereign of Both Worlds, Muhammad the Prophet, who fulfilled the vision of his grandfather after the faith of Islam was revealed, and united Arabia under non-dualism.
The House of Jacob (Bani Israel) and the Royal House David
The Kitab Allah, or the Book of God (Holy Quran) makes mention of the Royal House of David in multiple places, including here,
“Give thanks, O House of David! Few of My bondmen are thankful” (034:013).
Following the rise of Nebuchadnezzar II, who destroyed the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem, the House of Jacob (Israel), the Israelites, were exiled from Jerusalem, as were the Adnanites from Arabia, who fled to Yemen.
The Holy Quran mentions of the House of Israel in the following three categories, and sub-categories:
A. Bani Israel: the Children of Israel, all twelve tribes (mentioned in al-Baqarah)
B. Aale Imran: The House of Imran. This second category includes the House of David (“Give thanks, O House of David! Few of My bondmen are thankful” 034:013), and the following sub-categories found in this verse, “Inna alladheena amanoo walladheena hadu wan nasara” (2:62):
i. Jews or “Hadu” (2:62, 5:69) commonly translated as Jews, but specifically a reference to the Judah people, or the illustrious House of Judah,
ii. Christians or “Nasara”, or Helpers of Christ son of Mary, commonly translated to “Christians”, also called “Ansar Allah” in 61:14,
iii. and the “Yahud”. Kings David and Soloman did not encourage conversions as discussed by Maimonides, and as such, it is incorrect to translate Yahud to be a reference to all followers of Judaism the faith, rather in the Quran, Yahud is a reference to the non-believers among the Hadu (House of Judah). These individuals were essentially those Israelites who denied Christ, on the grounds of denying his miraculous birth to the Virgin Mary, whom they slandered. This group which emerged to more prominence after the advent of Christ, followed the old religion and Law of Moses, but denied Jesus was the Messiah, because he could not substantiate, due to the absence of a human father, his paternal descent from the House of Israel, and the Royal House of Judah. After the advent of Islam, this group also denied Muhammad the Prophet, on the grounds that he was an Ishmaelite.
C. Ahl al-Kitab: The People of the Book. This was the title used for people who followed, or embraced, the two other Abrahamic traditions, of Judaism/the Law of Moses, and Christianity. There were more Christians in this category then there were followers of Judaism, and included both Israelites, and Ishmaelites.
These individuals were those Israelites who denied Christ, on the grounds of denying his miraculous birth to the Virgin Mary, whom they accused of fornication. This group which emerged to more prominence after the advent of Christ, followed the old religion and Law of Moses, but denied the true teaching of Moses and both Jesus the Messiah, because he could not substantiate, due to the absence of a human father, his paternal descent from the House of Israel, and the Royal House of Judah, and also Muhammad the Prophet, on the grounds that he was an Ishmaelite.
C. Ahl al-Kitab: The People of the Book. This was the title used for people who followed, or embraced, the two other Abrahamic traditions, of Judaism/the Law of Moses, and Christianity. There were more Christians in this category then there were followers of Judaism.
Royal Houses of Hashem and David
The Hashemites descend from the marriage of their Patriarch Hashem to Salma daughter of Amr, of the Bani an-Najjar. The origins of the Bani an-Najjar trace back to Palestine and Jerusalem.
In his book ‘Constitutional Analysis of the Constitution of Madinah’, Shaykh ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir–ul–Qadri states the Bani an-Najjar, who are mentioned in line 31 of the Constitution of Medina, were a (Israelite) Jewish tribe.
Additionally, His Eminence the Grand Ayatollah Sayyed Muhammad Hussein Fadlallah’s English website includes the text of the treaty made between the Prophet Muhammad and the “Jews” of Medina, and refers to the Bani an-Najjar as “Jews” (Israelites). The treaty specifically distinguishes the Qurayshite from the Ansar who were not of the Qurayshite (Ishmaelite) lineage.
Other treaties between the Holy Prophet with the followers of Judaism and Christianity specifically refer to the followers of Judaism and Christianity as Ahl al-Kitab, and not “Jews” and or Israelites, demonstrating the Constitution of Medina was specifically for the ethnic group known as Jews, and not referring to the followers of the religion of Judaism.
The Bani an-Najjar community of “Israelites” were nobles who were Jewish by ethnicity, not only faith, many of whom who like Aby Ayyub Ansari eventually embraced Islam after its advent, and even produced Sufi saints the likes of Husayn ibn Mansur al-Hallaj (maternal).
As an ethnic community of Jews, they descended from the Royal House of Judah.
Salma daughter of Amr of the Bani an-Najjar, wife of Hashem, the progenitor of the Royal House of Hashem, as a member of the Bani an-Najjar, also descended then from the Royal House of Judah.
This bloodline from Salma and their father Hashem, makes the Hashemites in specific, unique among their Ishmaelite brethren in Arabia and the entire Middle East, as they are both Ishmaelite by paternal descent, and also Israelite through maternal descent, from the Royal House of Judah, from whom the Bani an-Najjar originally descend.
The uniting of these two illuminated bloodlines of the Ishmaelites and the Israelites through the House of Judah, in the progeny of Hashem and Salma, made Shaybah (Abd al-Muttalib) and his descendants unique among the Lords of Quraysh.
The bloodline of Muhammad the Prophet became further unique among the House of Hashem, firstly because of him, and also since it was the Prophet himself who revived the Ishmaelite Nabatean Empire from Arabia, but also because he became the most influential and successful Ishmaelite Arab leader in the history of the world.
Ahmed Khan is the Founder and Editor-In-Chief & Publisher of The Rahnuma Daily (theRahnuma.com), the online English daily edition of The Rahnuma-E-Deccan Daily (ReDD), India’s oldest Urdu daily print newspaper established in 1921. More than 81.1 million Indians identify Urdu as their language, and as per the annual INA (Indian Newspapers Association) report, ReDD ranks among the top 5 most widely circulated and read Urdu daily print newspapers throughout India. Ahmed resides in Hyderabad at his maternal ancestral home and can be contacted at, @editor_therahnuma, firstname.lastname@example.org